March 2, 2014 - Kim & Khloe Kardashian at the 22nd Annual Elton John AIDS Foundation Academy Awards Viewing Party.
PHARAO AKHENATEN: 10th ruler of the 18th dynasty. Prior to the 5th year of his reign he was known as Amenhotep IV.
Ascended the throne in approximately 1353 BC as sole ruler (there is some evidence that for some time he was co-ruler with his father Amenhotep III) and ruled for approximately 17 years; he is believed to have died between 1336-1334 BC.
Especially (in)famous for: Abandoning the traditional pantheon and promoting worship of a sole deity (Aten, the life-giving sun-disk); Abandoning traditional forms of art and introducing a more naturalistic, yet extremely stylized form of art with exaggerated heads, features and limbs; Moving to a newly built capital city: Akhetaten (el-Amarna). These changes were of short duration however; his death marked a gradual return to tradition and the demolition of everything associated with his reign and his immediate successors.
The boundary stela of Akhenaten near Tuna-el-Gabal.
Picture © In-Taier, 2012.
This stela in fact marked the border between the “land that didn’t belong to any God” and historical territory of Thoth and Wenut. :)
I always loved the entire history of XVIIIth dynasty in Egypt, and Amarna period is really fascinating. Even if I may not approve everything that the heretic-Pharaoh did to the country.
My favorite books about Amarna period (fiction)
Joseph and his brothers :) by Thomas Mann
The Egyptian (Sinuhe, the Egyptian) by Mika Valtari…
Nefertiti, by Michelle Moran, is rather nice too.
Desert Altars, Tell el-Amarna, XVIII Dynasty
Tell el-Amarna is a modern name that applies to an extensive archaeological site that is primarily the remains of an ephemeral capital city built and abandoned within about fifteen years during the late Eighteenth Dynasty (in the New Kingdom), between about 1347 and 1332 BCE.
The report on the excavation of the Desert Altars is contained within the single-volume, H. Frankfort and J.D.S. Pendlebury, The City of Akhenaten, Part II. The North Suburb and The Desert Altars (London, Egypt Exploration Society 1933), Chapter V.
Some further details are added in B.J. Kemp, ed., Amarna Reports VI (London, Egypt Exploration Society 1995), 448–52.
Images: Top: Aerial view of Desert Alters, Amarna; Bottom: Aerial views of brick enclosure, Amarna
For more information, please visit http://www.amarnaproject.com/index.shtml
I thought I was the only one who noticed this. Obama family: time traveling monarchs.
Great Hymn to the Aten
You are in my heart,There is no other who knows you,Only your son, Neferkheprure, Sole-one-of-Re,Whom you have taught your ways and your might.
Those on earth come from your hand as you made them.When you have dawned they live.
When you set they die;You yourself are lifetime, one lives by you.All eyes are on your beauty until you set.All labor ceases when you rest in the west;When you rise you stir [everyone] for the King,Every leg is on the move since you founded the earth.
You rouse them for your son who came from your body.The King who lives by Maat, the Lord of the Two Lands,Neferkheprure, Sole-one-of-Re,The Son of Re who lives by Maat. the Lord of crowns,Akhenaten, great in his lifetime;(And) the great Queen whom he loves, the Lady of the Two Lands,Nefer-nefru-Aten Nefertiti, living forever.
Nefertiti & Akhenaten (Amenhotep IV).
this is so beautiful <3
credit to chuanerya @ deviantart.
Akhenaten, the pharaoh of the 18th dynasty, who was the world’s first monotheist. He changed the poly god system and the worship of Amun to the 1 god idea of the Aten, the sun god and the worship of light. He was a light worker. He inherited a great and vast empire and was more concerned and became a fanatic about his religion. After 17 years he passed away and everyone returned from Amarna back to Thebes and went back to the old way of doing things. He is the father of King Tut. He is important because he is the first urban planner and poet, writing the hymn to the Aten and elevating the status of women by encouraging the role of his mother the great queen Tiye and his wife, Nefertiti, who rules as co regent with him and was central to the worship of the Aten.
Bust statues of Akhenaten and Nefertiti, 18th dynasty, New Kingdom. Neues Museum, Berlin.